What is dysbiosis?
This is a condition in which the dynamic balance between the microflora characteristic of each section of the gastrointestinal tract and the influence of various environmental factors is disturbed. This changes both the quantitative and qualitative composition of the microflora. Often, these changes negatively affect bowel function, which is manifested by bloating, rumbling, abdominal pain, stool disorder, and other symptoms of a dyspeptic nature.
Dysbiosis is a condition in which the intestinal microflora is disturbed, due to a change in the composition of the bacteria that inhabit it. At the same time, both the quantitative and qualitative composition of the microflora changes: the number of beneficial bifidus and lactobacilli bacteria decreases, and the number of pathogenic bacteria increases.
Symptoms of intestinal dysbiosis
DIGESTIVE: Diarrhea (sometimes diarrhea-constipation may alternate); Increased gas formation, bloating; Belching, bad taste in the mouth; Feeling discomfort in the abdomen, abdominal pain.
IMMUNE: frequent infections, autoimmune disease.
COGNITIVE: poor memory, depression, brain fog, insomnia, mood
STRUCTURAL: skin irritation, rashes, thrush, dry skin, acne, tingling nerves.
MORE: chronic fatigue, sugar cravings, alcohol intolerance.
Most often, there is a feeling of discomfort in the abdomen, increased gas formation, stool changes (diarrhea, constipation or unstable stools), and abdominal pain may also occur. Dysbiosis always aggravates the course of chronic diseases of the digestive tract, and therefore this condition always requires timely diagnosis and treatment.
Why is normal intestinal microflora so important?
In a healthy gut with normal microflora, all bacteria are in a state of equilibrium, which allows the intestine to actively participate in the process of digestion. Thus, the normal microflora allows:
- 1. Provide the body with nutrients;
- 2. Regulate intestinal motility;
- 3. Maintain electrolyte balance;
- 4. Neutralize poisons and absorb drugs;
- 5. Maintain immunity;
- 6. Take part in the digestion and absorption of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.
How to prevent the development of dysbiosis?
Equally important for the prevention of dysbiosis is a rational diet and a balanced composition of food. When prescribing antibiotics in parallel, it is recommended to use drugs that support the growth and development of normal microflora.